PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Kiwis in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Kiwis, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Kiwis, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Kiwis by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Kiwis

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Kiwis
Fruits and Nuts
AG
06018
6018

CDFA acreage estimates of acres planted are higher than PUR estimates for kiwi fruit. This discrepancy is probably because some planted acres were not treated with pesticides during the year. Acreage that is not treated during a year does not appear in t

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Kiwis in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 72,077 1.35 3,658 53,587
Uses:
Hydrogen cyanamide (2238)
Inorganic Not Listed 22,314 17.5 1,344 1,278
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator, Herbicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 11,922 1.52 2,258 7,837
Uses: Herbicide
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 11,506 8.50 1,340 1,354
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Cryolite (173)
Inorganic Not Listed 10,306 8.73 1,265 1,181
Uses: Insecticide
Methylated fatty acids from canola oil (4025)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 3,149 1.44 651.0 2,180
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 1,643 0.94 2,015 1,740
Uses: Herbicide
Modified phthalic glycerol alkyd resin (1159)
Polymer Not Listed 1,315 0.31 1,330 4,265
Uses: Adjuvant
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 1,152 0.69 1,662 1,660
Uses: Insecticide
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 1,129 3.24 445.5 347.9
Uses: Herbicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 1,024 1.59 600.9 645.7
Uses: Herbicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 848.2 0.20 1,768 4,346
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 786.1 29.0 108.1 27.1
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Calcium hydroxide (99, 3669)
Inorganic Not Listed 675.0 9.00 101.0 75.0
Note! Data for Calcium hydroxide summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Herbicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 536.3 1.17 435.2 459.7
Uses: Herbicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 484.2 0.35 1,078 1,378
Uses: Adjuvant
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 420.3 3.42 123.0 123.0
Uses: Herbicide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 407.8 1.13 491.1 359.3
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Cyprodinil (4000)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 396.0 0.47 850.0 844.8
Uses: Fungicide
Mefenoxam (4011)
Xylylalanine Not Listed 242.5 0.35 763.5 688.8
Uses: Fungicide
Polyoxyethylene soybean oil fatty acid ester (mol. Wt. 850) (3338)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 192.1 1.63 118.0 118.0
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 184.5 2.46 101.0 75.0
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
N,N-bis-2(omega-hydroxypolyoxyethylene/polyoxypropylene)ethyl alkylamine (3976)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 120.9 4.17 29.0 29.0
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 105.4 0.36 404.5 296.0
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 101.7 0.34 210.0 298.0
Uses: Fungicide
Ethylene glycol polymer (2558, 1600, 2103, 2797, 2104)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 96.3 0.37 227.5 261.8
Note! Data for Ethylene glycol polymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Polyoxyethylene sorbitan mixed fatty acid esters (5873)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 91.4 0.94 284.0 97.5
Uses: Adjuvant
3-(3-hydroxypropyl)-heptamethyl trisiloxane, ethoxylated, acetate (2610)
Silicone Not Listed 83.2 0.02 750.0 5,074
Uses: Adjuvant
Ammonium nitrate (3052)
Inorganic Not Listed 76.5 0.21 487.1 358.8
Uses: Rodenticide, Microbiocide
Polyoxyethylene 20 sorbital trioleate (2814)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 55.3 0.24 404.5 229.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 48.0 1.14 42.0 42.0
Uses: Herbicide
Pyriproxyfen (4019)
Juvenile hormone mimic Not Listed 43.4 0.11 427.5 403.0
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 39.8 0.19 153.0 211.0
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Citric acid (142)
Botanical Not Listed 39.6 0.12 433.5 323.0
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 37.7 0.0091 1,196 4,159
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide
Alkyl (C8,C10) polyglycoside (4015)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 35.6 0.15 228.6 241.3
Uses: Adjuvant
Urea (662)
Inorganic Not Listed 29.8 0.16 314.0 187.0
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide
Poly (methylene para nonylphenoxy) - poly (oxypropylene) propanol (1788)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 28.6 0.03 836.0 826.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Nonanoic acid, ammonium salt (5963)
Botanical Not Listed 27.1 5.43 30.0 5.00
Uses: Herbicide
Polyoxyethylene castor oil (3740, 2555, 5974)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 25.6 0.22 118.0 118.0
Note! Data for Polyoxyethylene castor oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Tall oil (2912)
Botanical Not Listed 25.6 0.22 118.0 118.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Caprylic acid (2316)
Unclassified Not Listed 22.0 4.40 30.0 5.00
Uses: Microbiocide
Sorbitan fatty acid ester (2064)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 20.0 0.21 284.0 97.5
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 19.8 0.14 87.0 144.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Forchlorfenuron (5557)
Urea Not Listed 16.7 0.01 1,804 1,666
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Capric acid (2315)
Unclassified Not Listed 15.0 3.00 30.0 5.00
Uses: Microbiocide
Isopropyl alcohol (342)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 13.9 0.07 206.5 205.8
Uses: Microbiocide, Solvent
Naphtha, heavy aromatic (2396, 1717)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 13.7 0.92 30.0 15.0
Note! Data for Naphtha, heavy aromatic summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Solvent
Esfenvalerate (2321)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 13.2 0.05 178.3 265.3
Uses: Insecticide
Heptamethyltrisiloxane-1,3-propanediol Ether, ethoxylated propoxylated (5827)
Silicone Not Listed 12.8 0.05 363.3 271.4
Uses: Adjuvant

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Kiwis in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
72,077 1.35 3,658 53,587 853
Tulare (54)
42,666 1.28 1,636 33,302 363
Fresno (10)
13,796 1.35 753.2 10,245 193
Yuba (58)
11,983 2.18 561.2 5,506 82
Butte (04)
1,990 0.99 464.5 2,013 129
Yolo (57)
632.9 1.46 20.0 434.0 14
Madera (20)
476.8 0.71 53.2 668.1 17
Kings (16)
248.1 0.24 81.3 1,045 18
Sutter (51)
236.1 0.83 67.0 283.0 17
San Joaquin (39)
32.6 0.46 19.0 71.0 8
Sacramento (34)
8.13 0.51 2.00 16.0 5
Colusa (06)
6.94 1.54 0.50 4.50 6
Orange (30)
0.10 1.00 0.10 0.10 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.