PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Plums in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Plums, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Plums, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Plums by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Plums

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Plums
Fruits and Nuts
AG
05005
5005

Acres planted estimated by PUR data for plums appear to be fairly accurate. High acreage in 1991 is probably incorrect due to errors in the original data.In general, PUR estimates of acres planted for fruit and nut trees are more accurate than California

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Plums in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 746,931 1.88 20,088 396,751
Uses:
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 426,430 19.5 14,287 21,828
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 59,700 319.2 389.8 187.0
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 43,921 4.25 6,466 10,330
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Mineral oil, unrefined (765, 763, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 41,394 15.1 1,781 2,747
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 21,751 32.2 847.8 675.0
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 17,973 1.30 9,497 13,806
Uses: Herbicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 11,441 3.38 4,562 3,387
Uses: Herbicide
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 11,399 6.77 1,505 1,683
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 10,314 2.53 4,174 4,077
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Chloropicrin (136)
Inorganic Yes 9,260 176.1 312.0 52.6
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Buprofezin (3947)
Unclassified Not Listed 7,403 1.87 3,640 3,960
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Ziram (629)
Dithiocarbamate, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 5,901 6.03 990.7 978.6
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Dog and Cat Repellent
Modified phthalic glycerol alkyd resin (1159)
Polymer Not Listed 5,680 0.38 6,279 14,930
Uses: Adjuvant
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 5,564 0.78 5,292 7,096
Uses: Herbicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 5,118 0.91 3,517 5,629
Uses: Herbicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 4,870 0.25 9,551 19,152
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 3,816 1.44 1,672 2,647
Uses: Herbicide
2,4-D, dimethylamine salt (806)
Chlorophenoxy acid, salt, or ester Not Listed 3,527 1.20 3,403 2,937
Uses: Herbicide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 2,843 0.41 6,925 6,996
Uses: Herbicide
Iprodione (2081)
Dicarboximide Yes 2,230 0.63 4,186 3,560
Uses: Fungicide
Thiophanate-methyl (1696)
Benzimidazole precursor Yes 1,976 5.07 446.0 390.0
Uses: Fungicide
Methyl bromide (385)
Halogenated organic Yes 1,802 24.3 - 3.00
Uses: Fumigant, Insecticide, Herbicide, Nematicide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 1,605 0.77 1,500 2,077
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, strain SA-11 (3862)
Microbial Not Listed 1,529 0.58 1,629 2,651
Uses: Insecticide
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 1,519 3.25 558.7 467.0
Uses: Herbicide
Propiconazole (2276)
Azole Yes 1,370 0.12 8,618 11,670
Uses: Fungicide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 1,365 0.23 2,222 5,979
Uses: Fungicide
Ethylene glycol polymer (2558, 1600, 2103, 2797, 2104)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1,322 0.27 4,179 4,857
Note! Data for Ethylene glycol polymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Copper sulfate (basic) (162)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 1,282 5.72 215.0 224.2
Uses: Fungicide, Algaecide, Molluscicide
Diflubenzuron (1992)
Benzoylurea Not Listed 1,251 0.20 5,369 6,313
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Frontalin + alpha-pinene mixture (3996)
Pheromone Not Listed 1,224 0.29 3,181 4,242
Uses: Pheromone
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 1,068 0.26 4,104 4,115
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Vegetable oil (1231)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 1,043 6.84 153.3 152.5
Uses: Insecticide
Sodium hypochlorite (539)
Inorganic Not Listed 1,003 - - -
Uses: Microbiocide, Water Treatment, Nematicide
Spirodiclofen (5857)
Keto-enol Yes 937.4 0.28 3,888 3,353
Uses: Insecticide
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 834.8 2.16 314.0 385.9
Uses: Fungicide
Chlorothalonil (677)
Substituted Benzene Yes 827.1 2.82 338.2 293.7
Uses: Fungicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 820.2 0.20 1,704 4,142
Uses: Adjuvant
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 789.4 0.98 816.3 801.8
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Caprylic acid (2316)
Unclassified Not Listed 782.6 4.64 130.3 168.6
Uses: Microbiocide
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 699.5 0.14 2,203 5,088
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Z-8-dodecenyl acetate (2251)
Pheromone Not Listed 686.8 0.11 5,534 6,387
Uses: Pheromone
Flubendiamide (5948)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 667.4 0.14 3,856 4,826
Uses: Insecticide
Copper oxychloride (156)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 640.1 0.93 684.9 689.1
Uses: Fungicide
Polyether modified polysiloxane (5223)
Silicone Not Listed 636.8 0.14 2,218 4,690
Uses: Adjuvant
Bifenazate (5657)
Unclassified Not Listed 631.5 0.49 1,820 1,284
Uses: Insecticide
Chlorantraniliprole (5964)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 593.6 0.09 6,701 6,801
Uses: Insecticide
Capric acid (2315)
Unclassified Not Listed 532.8 3.16 130.3 168.6
Uses: Microbiocide
Bacillus subtilis var. amyloliquefaciens strain D747 (6082)
Microbial Not Listed 530.4 4.71 36.5 112.5
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Plums in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
746,931 1.88 20,088 396,751 24,989
Fresno (10)
372,916 2.55 8,966 145,832 9,298
Tulare (54)
263,364 1.42 7,554 184,383 11,310
Kings (16)
100,438 1.62 2,567 61,930 3,286
Madera (20)
1,901 1.54 76.5 1,233 76
Yuba (58)
1,897 4.66 39.4 407.3 159
Stanislaus (50)
1,797 1.13 91.2 1,583 475
Contra Costa (07)
1,623 3.87 31.0 419.7 60
San Joaquin (39)
1,195 5.01 19.7 238.7 71
El Dorado (09)
698.6 7.94 17.2 88.0 32
Placer (31)
435.0 4.70 28.3 92.1 51
Sutter (51)
274.7 2.65 27.0 103.5 16
Santa Clara (43)
150.4 2.24 8.65 67.1 27
Kern (15)
84.2 0.55 105.0 152.0 10
Merced (24)
38.6 0.29 6.00 132.0 17
Yolo (57)
26.8 6.71 2.00 4.00 2
Solano (48)
23.7 0.68 5.50 35.0 15
Sacramento (34)
18.8 1.07 5.25 17.5 16
Siskiyou (47)
14.1 2.27 0.20 6.20 21
Los Angeles (19)
11.4 0.95 2.50 12.0 9
Sonoma (49)
10.3 0.83 3.05 12.4 14
Napa (28)
3.17 4.23 505.4 0.75 10
Colusa (06)
3.00 3.00 1.00 1.00 1
Ventura (56)
1.97 9.84 0.10 0.20 2
Shasta (45)
1.88 3.14 0.10 0.60 6
Santa Cruz (44)
0.86 2.45 25.1 0.35 2
San Benito (35)
0.22 1.12 0.20 0.20 1
Nevada (29)
0.19 1.37 - 0.14 1
Marin (21)
0.07 - - - 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.