PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Pistachios in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Pistachios, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Pistachios, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Pistachios by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Pistachios

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Pistachios
Fruits and Nuts
AG
03011
3011

PUR estimates of acres planted for pistachios is substantially different from California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) estimates, typically 10,000-30,000 acres higher. The source of this discrepancy is not immediately apparent. In general, PU

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Pistachios in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 5,178,470 0.63 398,339 8,119,370
Uses:
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 1,451,230 7.39 133,690 196,498
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 833,984 7.96 95,779 104,768
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 567,268 2.10 258,939 269,699
Uses: Herbicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 300,147 0.48 301,442 631,850
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 238,979 37.7 8,053 6,341
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 156,283 2.78 120,989 56,273
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 119,305 1.61 85,337 74,000
Uses: Herbicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 118,936 0.57 128,259 207,057
Uses: Adjuvant
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 96,629 0.64 222,490 151,884
Uses: Herbicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 93,092 1.16 96,113 80,106
Uses: Herbicide
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 91,724 1.03 129,268 89,362
Uses: Herbicide
Bifenthrin (2300)
Pyrethroid Yes 61,070 0.18 202,574 342,070
Uses: Insecticide
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 47,270 0.38 114,750 125,371
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Tall oil acids (1389)
Fatty acid Not Listed 45,816 0.22 114,498 207,019
Uses: Adjuvant
Ethylene glycol polymer (2558, 1600, 2103, 2797, 2104)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 45,723 0.27 61,049 169,121
Note! Data for Ethylene glycol polymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Methylated fatty acids from canola oil (4025)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 39,748 1.83 31,633 21,697
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 38,410 2.76 27,032 13,941
Uses: Herbicide
Buprofezin (3947)
Unclassified Not Listed 34,997 1.60 21,267 21,879
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Aluminum phosphide (484)
Inorganic Yes 34,545 0.03 746.0 2,473
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 34,088 0.79 44,266 43,180
Uses: Adjuvant
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 32,597 0.35 109,227 92,968
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 26,031 0.47 30,216 55,124
Uses: Adjuvant
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 25,007 0.07 173,014 345,007
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide
3-(3-hydroxypropyl)-heptamethyl trisiloxane, ethoxylated, acetate (2610)
Silicone Not Listed 24,508 0.16 45,433 148,736
Uses: Adjuvant
Propylene oxide (508)
Alcohol/Ether Yes 22,952 - - -
Uses: Fumigant
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 22,556 0.22 86,608 100,619
Uses: Fungicide
Permethrin (2008)
Pyrethroid Yes 21,776 0.28 63,856 77,156
Uses: Insecticide
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 21,458 0.26 56,576 81,871
Uses: Adjuvant
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 20,208 5.14 1,865 3,928
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Modified phthalic glycerol alkyd resin (1159)
Polymer Not Listed 20,054 0.17 55,699 118,901
Uses: Adjuvant
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 20,051 0.23 79,602 86,057
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 17,300 0.17 69,962 102,884
Uses: Insecticide
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 16,981 1.19 13,483 14,314
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Chlorantraniliprole (5964)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 15,557 0.09 140,835 163,833
Uses: Insecticide
Phosmet (335)
Organophosphorus Yes 13,283 3.16 4,243 4,204
Uses: Insecticide
Ammonium nitrate (3052)
Inorganic Not Listed 12,720 0.37 39,217 34,015
Uses: Rodenticide, Microbiocide
2,4-D, dimethylamine salt (806)
Chlorophenoxy acid, salt, or ester Not Listed 12,251 1.63 12,508 7,508
Uses: Herbicide
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 12,246 0.08 88,686 145,234
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Cyhalothrin, lambda (2297)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 12,091 0.04 190,425 314,975
Uses: Insecticide
Pyrimethanil (5864)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 11,934 0.24 52,370 49,734
Uses: Fungicide
Fatty acids, mixed (2069)
Fatty acid Not Listed 11,612 0.11 74,596 102,428
Uses: Adjuvant
Fatty acids, methyl esters (389)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 11,448 0.93 14,274 12,338
Uses: Adjuvant
Naphtha, heavy aromatic (2396, 1717)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 11,306 0.72 15,619 15,808
Note! Data for Naphtha, heavy aromatic summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Solvent
Poly oxyethylated tallow amine (2807, 6097, 2233)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 11,272 0.08 107,622 133,859
Note! Data for Poly oxyethylated tallow amine summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Citric acid (142)
Botanical Not Listed 9,766 0.08 109,547 115,781
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Poly (methylene para nonylphenoxy) - poly (oxypropylene) propanol (1788)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 9,051 0.12 41,999 73,976
Uses: Adjuvant
Fluopyram (6004)
Amide, Pyridine Yes 8,787 0.09 88,212 98,543
Uses: Fungicide
Petroleum distillates, aromatic (1814)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 8,139 1.04 11,061 7,852
Uses: Solvent, Herbicide, Insecticide
Fenpropathrin (2234)
Pyrethroid Yes 8,125 0.38 20,580 21,341
Uses: Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Pistachios in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
5,178,470 0.63 398,339 8,119,370 64,172
Kern (15)
2,211,180 1.06 124,039 2,073,790 14,202
Fresno (10)
1,153,680 0.54 103,168 2,139,180 15,208
Kings (16)
602,991 0.75 36,276 808,224 5,916
Tulare (54)
505,188 0.48 53,740 969,837 11,019
Madera (20)
468,555 0.34 51,291 1,361,550 11,866
Merced (24)
141,730 0.29 16,962 492,884 3,235
Yolo (57)
29,891 0.33 4,438 91,400 701
Colusa (06)
18,342 0.21 3,007 86,562 672
Glenn (11)
17,471 0.42 1,771 41,401 457
Butte (04)
14,271 1.86 648.5 7,676 156
Tehama (52)
4,578 0.29 685.0 15,520 168
Stanislaus (50)
2,946 0.42 583.7 6,967 217
Sacramento (34)
2,006 0.25 294.0 8,160 35
Santa Barbara (42)
1,534 0.32 341.6 4,863 64
Solano (48)
1,508 1.05 175.0 1,430 45
San Luis Obispo (40)
956.1 0.48 217.0 2,010 34
San Bernardino (36)
357.7 0.49 150.0 730.0 12
San Joaquin (39)
326.9 0.23 200.0 1,449 46
Alameda (01)
320.8 0.09 146.0 3,635 27
Shasta (45)
281.7 0.41 97.0 680.0 17
Sutter (51)
182.6 0.19 63.5 968.8 43
Calaveras (05)
161.2 0.40 22.0 407.6 24
Yuba (58)
5.05 1.01 1.00 5.00 5
San Benito (35)
1.00 1.00 2.00 1.00 1
Los Angeles (19)
0.0032 0.0001 20.0 40.0 2
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.