PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Sunflowers in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Sunflowers, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Sunflowers, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Sunflowers by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Sunflowers

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Sunflowers
Field Crops
AG
29133
29133

PUR acreage estimates for sunflowers may be lower than actual planted acres because a significant portion of the acreage may not be sprayed and thus not reported.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Sunflowers in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 109,863 0.50 47,006 219,159
Uses:
Ethalfluralin (2166)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 31,322 1.47 20,435 21,252
Uses: Herbicide
Metolachlor, (S) (5133)
Chloroacetanilide Yes 16,242 1.52 10,352 10,669
Uses: Herbicide
Sodium chlorate (536)
Inorganic Yes 15,640 5.97 2,625 2,618
Uses: Defoliant, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 6,988 1.83 3,654 3,817
Uses: Herbicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 5,839 0.76 7,729 7,725
Uses: Herbicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 5,618 0.48 9,310 11,720
Uses: Adjuvant
Trifluralin (597)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 5,549 0.61 8,880 9,165
Uses: Herbicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 3,197 0.15 16,555 21,628
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 2,785 1.32 2,280 2,118
Uses: Herbicide
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 2,678 0.80 3,480 3,340
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 2,548 34.4 148.0 74.0
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 1,913 1.75 1,094 1,091
Uses: Herbicide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 889.5 0.18 5,291 4,967
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Chlorantraniliprole (5964)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 621.9 0.05 10,200 11,559
Uses: Insecticide
Flubendiamide (5948)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 574.1 0.09 6,394 6,207
Uses: Insecticide
Oleic acid, ethyl ester (3933)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 512.5 0.38 1,196 1,344
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator, Adjuvant
EPTC (264)
Thiocarbamate Yes 483.1 2.74 144.0 176.0
Uses: Herbicide
Tall oil acids (1389)
Fatty acid Not Listed 462.3 0.05 7,606 9,945
Uses: Adjuvant
Clethodim (3566)
Cyclohexenone derivative Not Listed 435.1 0.19 2,581 2,299
Uses: Herbicide
Ethylene glycol polymer (2558, 1600, 2103, 2797, 2104)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 403.1 0.04 7,274 9,641
Note! Data for Ethylene glycol polymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 367.0 0.21 1,758 1,781
Uses: Fungicide
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 314.0 0.29 1,017 1,088
Uses: Adjuvant
Esfenvalerate (2321)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 283.1 0.05 6,346 6,150
Uses: Insecticide
Ammonium nitrate (3052)
Inorganic Not Listed 280.0 0.09 3,653 3,277
Uses: Rodenticide, Microbiocide
Fatty acids, methyl esters (389)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 276.6 0.73 381.0 381.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Alkyl (C8,C10) polyglycoside (4015)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 262.8 0.32 1,277 827.2
Uses: Adjuvant
Ethylene glycol (276)
Glycol Yes 262.4 0.33 749.0 789.0
Uses: Solvent, Adjuvant
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, strain SA-11 (3862)
Microbial Not Listed 260.5 1.36 192.0 192.0
Uses: Insecticide
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 238.2 0.04 4,751 5,524
Uses: Adjuvant
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 182.9 0.10 1,805 1,797
Uses: Adjuvant
Emulsifiable methylated vegetable oil (5224)
Not Listed 169.8 0.30 780.3 568.9
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Citric acid (142)
Botanical Not Listed 132.6 0.03 4,081 4,623
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Glycerol (1147, 6221)
Not Listed 129.9 0.08 1,661 1,566
Note! Data for Glycerol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Stearic acid ETO adduct (3.5 moles) (2891)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 128.1 0.10 1,196 1,344
Uses: Adjuvant
Metolachlor (1996)
Chloroacetanilide Yes 126.2 1.64 79.0 77.0
Uses: Herbicide
Phosphine (3541)
Inorganic Yes 123.6 - - -
Uses: Fumigant, Insecticide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 115.4 0.17 668.6 666.2
Uses: Herbicide
Sec-butyl alcohol (3078, 1482)
Alcohol/Ether Not Listed 85.3 0.03 2,021 2,996
Note! Data for Sec-butyl alcohol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Solvent
Polyether modified polysiloxane (5223)
Silicone Not Listed 80.3 0.09 1,008 860.6
Uses: Adjuvant
Tribenuron methyl (2338)
Sulfonylurea Not Listed 79.6 0.02 5,493 5,179
Uses: Herbicide
Cyhalothrin, lambda (2297)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 78.7 0.03 2,865 2,727
Uses: Insecticide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 64.8 0.16 600.0 415.2
Uses: Insecticide
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 64.4 0.44 236.0 146.2
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Imazamox, ammonium salt (5757)
Imidazolinone Not Listed 59.3 0.03 2,496 1,802
Uses: Herbicide
Sodium hydroxide (362)
Inorganic Not Listed 57.8 0.04 1,482 1,386
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 55.9 0.73 175.0 77.0
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Polyoxyethylene sorbitol, mixed ethyl ester (1178)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 55.6 0.14 380.0 400.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Poly-i-para-menthene (1314)
Unclassified Not Listed 54.7 0.30 184.0 184.0
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 53.2 0.53 592.0 100.2
Uses: Adjuvant

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Sunflowers in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
109,863 0.50 47,006 219,159 2,443
Yolo (57)
41,485 0.49 19,557 85,517 894
Sutter (51)
20,268 0.64 7,348 31,660 223
Colusa (06)
16,708 0.40 7,742 42,032 456
Solano (48)
16,168 0.51 6,692 31,695 422
Glenn (11)
8,307 0.41 2,810 19,795 295
Imperial (13)
3,873 1.34 456.0 2,886 29
Butte (04)
1,288 0.58 274.0 2,218 31
Tehama (52)
1,002 0.84 269.0 1,187 19
Sacramento (34)
386.3 0.32 99.0 1,208 21
Yuba (58)
299.2 0.45 119.9 664.7 19
Santa Clara (43)
45.8 0.44 31.0 103.0 11
Santa Barbara (42)
19.2 0.14 520.0 141.0 8
Monterey (27)
8.67 0.17 1,088 52.2 13
Alameda (01)
4.00 - - - 1
Stanislaus (50)
1.83 - - - 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.