PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Alfalfa for Forage in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Alfalfa for Forage, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Alfalfa for Forage, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Alfalfa for Forage by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Alfalfa for Forage

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Alfalfa, Forage
Field Crops
AG
23001
23001

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Alfalfa for Forage in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 3,167,310 0.31 675,977 10,123,900
Uses:
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 597,306 2.19 226,527 272,460
Uses: Herbicide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 304,109 25.1 11,882 12,113
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 302,329 1.70 125,094 177,712
Uses: Herbicide
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 221,805 0.80 163,601 275,870
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Trifluralin (597)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 179,103 1.84 72,922 97,576
Uses: Herbicide
EPTC (264)
Thiocarbamate Yes 150,923 2.25 42,814 66,936
Uses: Herbicide
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 101,342 0.70 140,043 144,511
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 101,330 1.26 52,678 80,254
Uses: Herbicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 93,409 0.34 172,804 271,120
Uses: Adjuvant
Dimethoate (216)
Organophosphorus Yes 90,189 0.45 184,727 199,287
Uses: Insecticide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 85,048 0.09 438,982 897,081
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 67,370 0.49 112,264 137,369
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 60,586 1.15 48,055 52,604
Uses: Insecticide
Clethodim (3566)
Cyclohexenone derivative Not Listed 43,676 0.22 180,352 199,467
Uses: Herbicide
Polyoxyethylene sorbitol, mixed ethyl ester (1178)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 41,909 1.19 29,714 35,100
Uses: Adjuvant
Diuron (231)
Urea Yes 39,825 1.28 31,752 31,040
Uses: Herbicide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 38,145 0.23 146,954 169,525
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Hexazinone (1871)
Triazinone Yes 35,858 0.46 77,962 78,487
Uses: Herbicide
2,4-DB, dimethylamine salt (838)
Chlorophenoxy acid, salt, or ester Not Listed 28,488 0.85 35,929 33,346
Uses: Herbicide
Vegetable oil (1231)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 27,523 0.94 17,779 29,130
Uses: Insecticide
Methomyl (383)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 24,785 0.79 29,316 31,376
Uses: Insecticide, Breakdown product
2,4-DB acid (5020)
Chlorophenoxy acid, salt, or ester Yes 19,023 0.72 25,457 26,332
Uses: Herbicide
Indoxacarb, S-isomer (5331)
Unclassified Not Listed 18,060 0.08 177,275 216,528
Uses: Insecticide
Diquat dibromide (229)
Bipyridylium Yes 17,547 0.86 17,178 20,295
Uses: Herbicide, Dessicant
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 16,741 0.38 37,585 43,818
Uses: Adjuvant
Diethylene glycol (2334)
Glycol Not Listed 16,522 0.10 86,181 158,273
Uses: Adjuvant, Solvent
Flupyradifurone (6098)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 16,178 0.23 57,822 69,652
Uses: Insecticide
Acephate (1685)
Organophosphorus Yes 16,144 0.97 9,463 16,642
Uses: Insecticide
Tall oil acids (1389)
Fatty acid Not Listed 14,808 0.09 111,404 165,179
Uses: Adjuvant
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 14,573 0.12 92,458 120,657
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Fatty acids, methyl esters (389)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 13,460 1.12 12,530 11,994
Uses: Adjuvant
Bromoxynil octanoate (834)
Hydroxybenzonitrile Yes 12,239 0.41 32,143 29,581
Uses: Herbicide
Metribuzin (1692)
Triazinone Yes 11,692 0.54 23,960 21,478
Uses: Herbicide
Ethylene glycol polymer (2558, 1600, 2103, 2797, 2104)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 11,166 0.09 81,518 127,280
Note! Data for Ethylene glycol polymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Propargite (445)
Unclassified Yes 11,105 1.83 5,952 6,066
Uses: Insecticide
Cyhalothrin, lambda (2297)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 10,495 0.03 313,322 368,384
Uses: Insecticide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 10,436 0.10 62,493 106,401
Uses: Fungicide
Formetanate hydrochloride (111)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 10,108 0.90 10,374 11,209
Uses: Insecticide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 10,086 0.18 36,464 55,654
Uses: Adjuvant
Flubendiamide (5948)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 9,712 0.07 106,913 139,123
Uses: Insecticide
Alkyl (C8,C10) polyglycoside (4015)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 9,643 0.12 65,635 78,882
Uses: Adjuvant
Cottonseed oil (1015)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 9,553 1.53 4,212 6,251
Uses: Insecticide
Methylated fatty acids from canola oil (4025)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 8,937 1.13 7,498 7,933
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Alkylaryl poly(oxyethylene) glycol (748)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 8,698 1.16 6,332 7,494
Uses: Adjuvant
Naled (418)
Organophosphorus Yes 8,000 1.48 4,186 5,388
Uses: Insecticide
Phosphoric acid (871)
Inorganic Not Listed 7,933 0.03 177,811 299,751
Uses: Fungicide, pH Adjustment, Herbicide, Microbiocide
Emulsifiable methylated vegetable oil (5224)
Not Listed 7,884 0.21 26,194 37,798
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 7,548 0.06 72,794 122,481
Uses: Adjuvant
Citric acid (142)
Botanical Not Listed 7,487 0.03 179,069 251,855
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Alfalfa for Forage in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
3,167,310 0.31 675,977 10,123,900 93,189
Imperial (13)
1,344,390 0.43 166,624 3,121,570 26,761
Fresno (10)
287,994 0.32 43,998 895,448 6,734
Merced (24)
248,171 0.23 61,253 1,065,090 9,323
Riverside (33)
213,940 0.23 43,960 925,999 11,250
San Joaquin (39)
183,741 0.24 47,840 766,159 8,336
Kern (15)
149,353 0.33 41,149 456,987 3,552
Kings (16)
140,031 0.24 28,345 579,328 2,989
Tulare (54)
103,077 0.28 37,548 369,264 3,465
Solano (48)
91,510 0.28 25,272 332,397 3,917
Yolo (57)
75,339 0.25 27,049 302,986 2,882
Stanislaus (50)
71,196 0.32 21,693 221,848 3,455
Madera (20)
40,829 0.25 12,639 164,640 1,486
Siskiyou (47)
33,526 0.16 26,445 205,370 1,766
Sacramento (34)
29,970 0.32 10,383 94,731 1,992
Colusa (06)
28,929 0.25 6,888 115,960 732
Sutter (51)
23,915 0.42 5,721 57,150 681
Modoc (25)
18,803 0.15 14,312 125,436 940
Glenn (11)
17,930 0.26 8,016 69,482 715
Lassen (18)
14,963 0.14 12,255 104,938 575
San Bernardino (36)
14,376 0.49 7,388 29,112 235
Mono (26)
8,115 0.21 4,676 37,780 169
Inyo (14)
3,638 0.36 1,640 10,205 77
Los Angeles (19)
2,853 0.64 1,590 4,456 31
San Luis Obispo (40)
2,622 0.36 1,187 7,228 72
Alameda (01)
2,537 0.24 533.0 10,690 67
Contra Costa (07)
2,258 0.23 1,073 9,804 116
Tehama (52)
2,209 0.45 598.7 4,868 115
Santa Barbara (42)
1,811 0.93 719.0 1,938 34
Monterey (27)
1,326 0.36 8,835 3,734 92
Shasta (45)
1,203 0.13 1,367 9,052 84
Plumas (32)
1,019 0.32 2,234 3,146 29
Amador (03)
1,009 0.36 326.8 2,829 27
Yuba (58)
995.2 0.30 307.0 3,325 43
Ventura (56)
835.8 0.67 855.2 1,243 247
San Diego (37)
702.3 0.56 175.0 1,265 31
Placer (31)
642.4 0.20 389.5 3,210 35
Butte (04)
554.0 0.21 301.5 2,660 43
Mendocino (23)
403.7 1.68 60.0 240.0 4
Sierra (46)
370.2 0.29 495.0 1,284 49
San Benito (35)
160.2 0.22 100.0 742.0 23
Santa Clara (43)
56.4 0.20 43.0 283.0 7
Sonoma (49)
8.26 - - - 8
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.