PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Oranges in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Oranges, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Oranges, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Oranges by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Oranges

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Oranges
Fruits and Nuts
AG
02006
2006

Acres planted estimated by PUR data for oranges are fairly accurate. In general, PUR estimates of acres planted for fruit and nut trees are more accurate than California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) estimates.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Oranges in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 11,104,200 3.00 172,596 3,672,330
Uses:
Calcium hydroxide (99, 3669)
Inorganic Not Listed 3,722,670 24.2 124,785 153,954
Note! Data for Calcium hydroxide summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Herbicide
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 2,662,980 13.4 95,604 198,080
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Mineral oil, unrefined (765, 763, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 2,297,750 17.9 68,346 128,067
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Copper sulfate (basic) (162)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 583,479 4.63 104,332 126,067
Uses: Fungicide, Algaecide, Molluscicide
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 178,666 4.17 48,851 42,816
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 173,592 1.39 65,363 124,569
Uses: Herbicide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 117,336 40.4 5,212 2,907
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 101,387 11.6 12,048 8,734
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 92,258 1.32 39,845 70,123
Uses: Herbicide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 89,380 3.10 28,894 28,799
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Bentonite (1399)
Inorganic Not Listed 73,371 1.80 36,153 40,723
Uses: Adjuvant
Silicone-polyether copolymer (3520, 3841)
Polyalkyloxy Compound, Polymer, Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 66,729 2.29 23,667 29,113
Note! Data for Silicone-polyether copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 64,557 2.77 19,245 23,271
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Cryolite (173)
Inorganic Not Listed 57,933 13.1 5,784 4,416
Uses: Insecticide
Sodium hypochlorite (539)
Inorganic Not Listed 55,010 - - -
Uses: Microbiocide, Water Treatment, Nematicide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 53,006 326.0 598.1 162.6
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 36,256 0.40 62,445 90,344
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Frontalin + alpha-pinene mixture (3996)
Pheromone Not Listed 32,324 0.70 27,616 45,941
Uses: Pheromone
Diuron (231)
Urea Yes 30,248 1.74 18,627 17,342
Uses: Herbicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 27,918 0.69 28,236 40,223
Uses: Adjuvant
Simazine (531)
Triazine Yes 26,669 2.14 15,209 12,478
Uses: Herbicide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 26,260 0.47 58,069 55,682
Uses: Insecticide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 23,404 0.76 23,568 30,729
Uses: Adjuvant
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 17,184 2.51 10,202 6,835
Uses: Herbicide
Metaldehyde (379)
Aldehyde Not Listed 16,648 0.36 34,780 45,932
Uses: Molluscicide
Imazalil (2084)
Azole Yes 16,499 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 15,835 2.97 5,312 4,632
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Buprofezin (3947)
Unclassified Not Listed 15,664 2.06 11,114 7,603
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Polyether modified polysiloxane (5223)
Silicone Not Listed 15,427 0.98 19,571 15,730
Uses: Adjuvant
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 14,138 0.72 18,898 19,707
Uses: Herbicide
Spirotetramat (5955)
Keto-enol Not Listed 14,036 0.16 95,809 90,469
Uses: Insecticide
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 13,590 1.43 7,811 9,526
Uses: Adjuvant
Formetanate hydrochloride (111)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 13,437 1.07 17,914 12,533
Uses: Insecticide
Modified phthalic glycerol alkyd resin (1159)
Polymer Not Listed 12,744 0.48 17,597 26,582
Uses: Adjuvant
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 11,902 0.16 45,227 72,992
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide
Thiabendazole (587)
Benzimidazole Yes 11,767 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Fenpropathrin (2234)
Pyrethroid Yes 11,525 0.36 35,184 32,173
Uses: Insecticide
Thiamethoxam (5598)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 10,598 0.08 107,643 125,149
Uses: Insecticide
Oleic acid (1156)
Fatty acid Not Listed 9,765 0.20 34,841 49,828
Uses: Adjuvant
Spinetoram (XDE-175-J) (5946)
Spinosyn Not Listed 9,499 0.09 114,704 110,367
Uses: Insecticide
2,4-D, isopropyl ester (810)
Chlorophenoxy acid, salt, or ester Not Listed 8,957 0.08 106,461 112,222
Uses: Herbicide
Poly (methylene para nonylphenoxy) - poly (oxypropylene) propanol (1788)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 8,431 0.21 31,471 39,766
Uses: Adjuvant
Poly oxyethylated tallow amine (2807, 6097, 2233)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 8,394 0.10 45,341 87,080
Note! Data for Poly oxyethylated tallow amine summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 6,824 1.53 5,052 4,473
Uses: Insecticide
Caprylic acid (2316)
Unclassified Not Listed 6,672 8.54 636.8 781.4
Uses: Microbiocide
Polymerized pinene (2043)
Polymer Not Listed 6,548 0.84 3,432 7,839
Uses: Insecticide
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 6,548 4.51 3,220 1,451
Uses: Herbicide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 6,427 3.89 1,780 1,654
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 5,849 0.15 27,066 38,838
Uses: Adjuvant

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Oranges in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
11,104,200 3.00 172,596 3,672,330 110,862
Tulare (54)
6,929,660 3.30 96,210 2,088,800 71,714
Kern (15)
2,444,640 2.78 35,115 872,249 14,065
Fresno (10)
1,422,700 2.76 25,956 502,471 15,113
Madera (20)
110,540 1.37 3,138 80,786 1,792
Ventura (56)
95,225 3.03 4,624 31,395 2,808
San Diego (37)
42,542 1.19 2,412 35,816 1,169
San Bernardino (36)
21,606 0.72 2,509 29,994 3,060
Riverside (33)
12,450 0.50 1,890 24,888 817
Imperial (13)
11,175 3.11 336.0 3,594 67
Kings (16)
7,030 21.7 99.0 324.0 9
Yolo (57)
2,260 14.1 28.0 160.0 7
Santa Clara (43)
1,601 1.25 14.0 56.0 55
Santa Barbara (42)
1,071 8.27 27.5 127.9 47
San Luis Obispo (40)
469.7 1.59 76.6 295.3 47
Butte (04)
467.9 0.43 70.5 1,082 35
Tehama (52)
445.0 4.36 8.00 102.0 12
Glenn (11)
194.5 1.61 37.5 121.2 15
Yuba (58)
50.9 9.86 1.29 5.16 4
Orange (30)
24.0 1.92 8.55 12.5 10
Stanislaus (50)
17.2 0.90 13.0 19.0 3
San Joaquin (39)
13.1 1.64 2.00 8.00 4
San Benito (35)
8.88 0.70 2.60 1.75 6
Merced (24)
8.51 0.43 5.00 20.0 2
Los Angeles (19)
3.05 0.39 12.0 7.86 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.