PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Citrus in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Citrus, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Citrus, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Citrus by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Citrus

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Citrus
Fruits and Nuts
AG
02000
2000

Generic "citrus" planted acreage is only useful when included as part of all citrus acreage. In general PUR estimates for fruit and nut trees are, in our estimation, probably more accurate than California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) estimat

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Citrus in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 112,519 2.23 3,279 21,383
Uses:
Sodium hypochlorite (539)
Inorganic Not Listed 33,941 - - -
Uses: Microbiocide, Water Treatment, Nematicide
Calcium hydroxide (99, 3669)
Inorganic Not Listed 13,690 19.0 739.8 721.3
Note! Data for Calcium hydroxide summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Herbicide
Mineral oil, unrefined (765, 763, 473)
Petroleum derivative-Aromatic Yes 13,208 10.2 1,181 1,292
Note! Data for Mineral oil, unrefined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Herbicide, Fungicide
Thiabendazole (587)
Benzimidazole Yes 7,861 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Imazalil sulfate (5906)
Azole Yes 6,068 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 4,893 6.28 644.4 719.5
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 4,346 46.2 130.0 94.0
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Imazalil (2084)
Azole Yes 4,163 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Calcium hypochlorite (326)
Inorganic Not Listed 3,314 - - -
Uses: Algaecide, Water Treatment
Copper sulfate (basic) (162)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 3,094 4.59 674.8 674.3
Uses: Fungicide, Algaecide, Molluscicide
2,4-D, isopropyl ester (810)
Chlorophenoxy acid, salt, or ester Not Listed 2,876 0.09 730.3 442.8
Uses: Herbicide
Ortho-phenylphenol, sodium salt (248)
Phenol Yes 2,257 - - -
Uses: Microbiocide
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 2,170 9.93 217.6 218.6
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Pyrimethanil (5864)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 1,756 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 1,081 1.62 693.0 668.1
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 739.6 0.95 361.5 716.8
Uses: Herbicide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 720.4 2.47 470.2 291.5
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Sodium cyanide (688)
Inorganic Yes 528.2 - - -
Uses: Rodenticide
Fludioxonil (5027)
Pyrrole Not Listed 509.5 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 484.8 0.51 1,048 788.3
Uses: Insecticide
Diuron (231)
Urea Yes 369.0 1.87 512.5 197.6
Uses: Herbicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 325.4 2.79 127.0 116.6
Uses: Herbicide
Simazine (531)
Triazine Yes 315.7 1.99 448.5 158.6
Uses: Herbicide
Hydrogen peroxide (1794)
Peroxide Not Listed 314.4 3.11 12.5 2.00
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 286.6 0.41 747.5 692.2
Uses: Adjuvant
Oryzalin (1868)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Yes 280.4 3.39 375.5 82.8
Uses: Herbicide
Propiconazole (2276)
Azole Yes 247.5 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Peroxyacetic acid (2291)
Peroxide Not Listed 210.6 0.23 12.5 2.00
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
Bentonite (1399)
Inorganic Not Listed 194.4 1.61 121.0 121.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 186.4 0.52 358.2 358.2
Uses: Insecticide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 133.0 1.18 392.5 112.9
Uses: Herbicide
Spirotetramat (5955)
Keto-enol Not Listed 131.4 0.14 768.0 907.2
Uses: Insecticide
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 122.3 0.20 26.5 22.0
Uses: Fungicide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 118.3 0.15 822.5 780.3
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Glufosinate-ammonium (3946)
Phosphonoglycine Not Listed 106.7 0.96 93.0 111.1
Uses: Herbicide
Chlorpyrifos (253)
Organophosphorus Yes 91.8 0.61 250.8 149.2
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Frontalin + alpha-pinene mixture (3996)
Pheromone Not Listed 81.2 0.36 429.7 226.2
Uses: Pheromone
Copper (714)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 65.0 3.25 37.0 20.0
Uses: Fungicide
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 63.5 3.16 20.0 20.1
Uses: Adjuvant
Gibberellin (310)
Botanical Not Listed 62.4 0.0056 54.0 387.6
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Methyl esters of cottonseed oil (3687)
Unclassified Not Listed 57.9 0.37 445.5 155.6
Uses: Adjuvant
Bromacil (83)
Uracil Yes 57.6 1.37 67.0 42.0
Uses: Herbicide
Methylated fatty acids from canola oil (4025)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 56.6 0.90 365.5 62.8
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 56.0 12.0 3.67 4.67
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 55.6 0.33 426.5 169.4
Uses: Fungicide
Spinetoram (XDE-175-J) (5946)
Spinosyn Not Listed 47.7 0.09 511.0 518.7
Uses: Insecticide
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 47.4 0.35 119.0 136.1
Uses: Adjuvant
Fenpropathrin (2234)
Pyrethroid Yes 46.2 0.31 172.4 144.8
Uses: Insecticide
Chromobacterium subtsugae strain PRAA4-1 cells and spent fermentation media (6024)
Microbial Not Listed 42.4 0.71 44.0 60.0
Uses: Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Citrus in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
112,519 2.23 3,279 21,383 1,856
Fresno (10)
40,163 3.43 1,402 10,111 519
Riverside (33)
31,075 0.84 632.2 5,305 210
Ventura (56)
16,217 2.15 52.1 971.6 250
Kern (15)
8,655 0.71 80.0 31.9 56
Tulare (54)
7,785 1.49 244.5 1,008 371
Imperial (13)
3,485 - - - 31
Stanislaus (50)
2,146 0.94 450.5 2,274 46
Yolo (57)
565.0 1.93 114.7 293.2 43
San Luis Obispo (40)
493.7 1.62 56.0 303.8 68
San Diego (37)
484.2 4.12 34.2 117.7 55
Los Angeles (19)
302.5 1.45 32.2 192.1 63
Butte (04)
267.5 1.01 53.0 264.0 31
Yuba (58)
226.1 6.92 10.1 32.7 7
Kings (16)
165.7 1.15 6.00 144.0 11
Sutter (51)
144.9 0.68 20.5 212.0 19
Glenn (11)
114.5 3.69 11.0 31.0 13
Placer (31)
93.2 1.63 38.5 56.5 21
San Bernardino (36)
85.2 0.39 3.25 2.70 10
El Dorado (09)
27.0 5.41 5.00 5.00 1
San Benito (35)
18.8 0.96 3.60 17.8 18
Merced (24)
4.57 0.58 2.00 7.83 7
Sonoma (49)
0.42 2.09 25.0 0.20 1
Santa Cruz (44)
0.16 0.16 2.00 1.00 2
Solano (48)
0.04 - - - 2
Contra Costa (07)
0.0031 0.31 0.10 0.0100 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.