PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Greenhouse Plants in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Greenhouse Plants, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Greenhouse Plants, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Greenhouse Plants by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Greenhouse Plants

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Greenhouse, Plants
Nursery Products
AG
00153
153

Accuracy of acres planted data not evaluated for this crop.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Greenhouse Plants in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 50,123 0.45 4,631 64,261
Uses:
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 5,942 6.46 942.0 841.0
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Daminozide (7)
Unclassified Yes 4,559 3.55 1,725 442.4
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Thiophanate-methyl (1696)
Benzimidazole precursor Yes 4,184 1.89 1,808 759.1
Uses: Fungicide
Fosetyl-Al (2210)
Unclassified Not Listed 3,406 3.10 1,307 287.5
Uses: Fungicide
Cyflumetofen (6083)
Not Listed 1,526 3.72 387.5 407.2
Uses:
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 1,389 1.52 670.8 768.6
Uses: Herbicide
Iprodione (2081)
Dicarboximide Yes 1,226 1.73 1,061 327.1
Uses: Fungicide
Ethylene (270)
Petroleum derivative Yes 1,182 0.52 39.9 55.0
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
nonanoic acid (2739)
Fatty acid Not Listed 1,128 2.75 64.5 55.8
Uses: Herbicide, Fungicide
Chlorothalonil (677)
Substituted Benzene Yes 953.2 1.71 1,345 320.7
Uses: Fungicide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 897.0 1.03 1,777 730.8
Uses: Insecticide
Acephate (1685)
Organophosphorus Yes 892.8 0.94 982.6 384.6
Uses: Insecticide
Silicone-polyether copolymer (3520, 3841)
Polyalkyloxy Compound, Polymer, Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 878.1 0.88 124.7 919.7
Note! Data for Silicone-polyether copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Metaldehyde (379)
Aldehyde Not Listed 802.0 0.75 476.2 634.7
Uses: Molluscicide
Potash soap (1596, 1409)
Soap Not Listed 754.8 6.07 346.8 74.1
Note! Data for Potash soap summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Insecticide, Adjuvant
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Israelensis, strain AM 65-52 (5841)
Microbial Not Listed 682.8 3.93 375.4 77.7
Uses: Insecticide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 650.3 5.78 268.9 62.4
Uses: Herbicide
Hydrogen peroxide (1794)
Peroxide Not Listed 634.2 2.69 176.9 70.7
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
Sodium percarbonate (5785)
Inorganic Not Listed 631.0 74.0 27.8 0.09
Uses:
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 609.9 2.08 132.4 206.1
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Chlormequat chloride (1512)
Quaternary Ammonium Compound Yes 585.5 0.47 1,775 474.9
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Methiocarb (375)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 563.2 2.63 428.7 138.4
Uses: Insecticide, Molluscicide
Diquat dibromide (229)
Bipyridylium Yes 558.2 0.68 797.0 697.1
Uses: Herbicide, Dessicant
Ammonium propionate (5015)
Carboxylic acid or salt Not Listed 536.4 0.57 28.0 942.5
Uses: Preservative, Microbiocide
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 484.4 0.24 2,116 544.7
Uses: Fungicide
Dinotefuran (5822)
Neonicotinoid, Guanidine Not Listed 471.8 0.31 1,254 548.3
Uses: Insecticide
Mancozeb (211)
Dithiocarbamate-ETU, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 448.7 0.83 1,034 427.0
Uses: Fungicide
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 388.2 0.41 28.0 942.5
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Mefenoxam (4011)
Xylylalanine Not Listed 360.9 0.26 2,187 639.4
Uses: Fungicide
Fenhexamid (4032)
Anilide Not Listed 353.2 0.71 1,086 277.8
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 350.4 0.58 431.9 211.7
Uses: Insecticide
Copper hydroxide (151)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 344.2 0.94 809.1 344.8
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Nematicide
Carbaryl (105)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 344.2 1.28 106.2 42.0
Uses: Insecticide, Plant Growth Regulator, Nematicide
Tau-fluvalinate (2195)
Pyrethroid Yes 333.1 0.20 2,116 695.7
Uses: Insecticide
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 319.5 8.71 92.6 36.7
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Permethrin (2008)
Pyrethroid Yes 313.9 0.34 1,568 652.3
Uses: Insecticide
Bifenazate (5657)
Unclassified Not Listed 290.1 0.33 1,052 732.4
Uses: Insecticide
Fludioxonil (5027)
Pyrrole Not Listed 288.8 0.23 2,334 693.4
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus subtilis var. amyloliquefaciens strain D747 (6082)
Microbial Not Listed 281.1 2.29 287.7 105.2
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 277.5 2.90 287.0 57.7
Uses: Fungicide
Soybean oil (2335)
Oil - vegetable Not Listed 275.3 1.09 403.4 68.1
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Polyether modified polysiloxane (5223)
Silicone Not Listed 271.8 0.79 85.6 324.0
Uses: Adjuvant
Citric acid (142)
Botanical Not Listed 271.7 0.27 38.0 985.0
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Streptomycin sulfate (3834)
Antibiotic Yes 262.6 0.14 696.3 367.9
Uses: Fungicide
Copper octanoate (5225)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 237.9 0.35 296.7 553.8
Uses: Fungicide
(S)-Kinoprene (3936)
Juvenile hormone mimic Not Listed 231.0 0.33 1,602 62.9
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Pyridaben (3959)
Unclassified Not Listed 225.8 0.35 1,507 415.1
Uses: Insecticide
Poly-i-para-menthene (1314)
Unclassified Not Listed 221.7 0.46 40.5 481.1
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 205.4 0.27 1,542 468.8
Uses: Fungicide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Greenhouse Plants in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
50,123 0.45 4,631 64,261 56,713
San Diego (37)
15,450 0.25 439.6 33,613 21,157
Stanislaus (50)
8,104 1.62 92.8 4,344 1,829
Monterey (27)
6,523 0.39 3,312 3,842 8,924
San Mateo (41)
5,991 1.22 24.5 1,025 3,932
Santa Barbara (42)
2,826 0.42 98.7 975.5 5,205
Ventura (56)
2,086 0.34 210.7 6,058 3,063
Santa Clara (43)
1,344 0.80 20.9 1,671 1,848
Riverside (33)
1,194 0.43 65.5 2,706 1,153
Orange (30)
1,174 0.27 68.3 4,380 1,270
Fresno (10)
971.2 0.76 52.3 1,093 778
San Joaquin (39)
842.6 0.62 49.0 1,351 1,001
Tulare (54)
762.6 2.61 34.0 292.4 264
Kern (15)
718.2 0.78 2.50 918.0 165
Santa Cruz (44)
541.1 0.44 36.9 234.2 1,942
San Luis Obispo (40)
477.3 0.80 9.83 200.7 1,876
Los Angeles (19)
326.6 0.62 36.7 461.5 939
Butte (04)
217.4 0.36 15.0 604.6 245
Marin (21)
206.1 - 0.0100 - 27
Sutter (51)
106.8 0.61 43.0 175.0 132
San Benito (35)
46.8 0.35 4.00 134.0 68
Humboldt (12)
42.3 - - - 19
Contra Costa (07)
38.8 0.39 3.00 51.7 87
Placer (31)
33.2 0.37 3.50 69.2 98
Solano (48)
26.2 3.10 1.07 0.25 85
Colusa (06)
17.6 0.44 - 40.0 2
Yolo (57)
11.4 25.6 - 0.0100 286
Calaveras (05)
9.04 - - - 49
Siskiyou (47)
8.58 0.65 - 1.50 81
Sonoma (49)
8.32 4.68 0.25 0.21 68
San Bernardino (36)
7.89 0.24 2.12 2.00 12
Napa (28)
5.52 0.78 2.70 7.10 23
Mendocino (23)
2.03 - 1.00 - 48
San Francisco (38)
1.82 0.27 - 6.00 4
Madera (20)
1.33 0.17 1.00 5.00 31
El Dorado (09)
0.0062 0.02 0.14 0.10 2
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.