PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Spinach in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Spinach, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Spinach, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Spinach by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Spinach

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Spinach
Vegetables and Melons
AG
13024
13024

PUR estimates of acres planted for spinach are highly variable due to errors in the original data, double counting and the planting of more than one crop per year in a single field. For crops with a growing season that spans two calendar years, "acres

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Spinach in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 351,661 0.51 1,427,550 681,087
Uses:
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 119,169 2.82 413,163 42,310
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 55,106 207.1 2,059 266.1
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
Cycloate (516)
Thiocarbamate Yes 42,840 1.92 371,380 22,259
Uses: Herbicide
Mefenoxam (4011)
Xylylalanine Not Listed 14,890 0.61 411,433 24,275
Uses: Fungicide
Fosetyl-Al (2210)
Unclassified Not Listed 14,657 2.42 135,225 6,045
Uses: Fungicide
Permethrin (2008)
Pyrethroid Yes 9,294 0.15 679,976 62,169
Uses: Insecticide
Methomyl (383)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 8,764 0.68 203,801 12,887
Uses: Insecticide, Breakdown product
Bacillus subtilis var. amyloliquefaciens strain D747 (6082)
Microbial Not Listed 8,272 2.71 56,965 3,054
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Copper octanoate (5225)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 7,944 0.75 71,611 10,538
Uses: Fungicide
Mandipropamide (5961)
Not Listed 5,695 0.13 600,740 43,569
Uses: Fungicide
Fenamidone (5791)
Imidazole Not Listed 4,429 0.26 211,036 17,347
Uses: Fungicide
Hydrogen peroxide (1794)
Peroxide Not Listed 4,426 1.43 70,039 3,094
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 4,226 3.78 1,386 1,117
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Ametoctradin (6025)
Triazolopyrimidine Not Listed 4,147 0.27 229,177 15,175
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, strain SA-11 (3862)
Microbial Not Listed 3,897 1.24 65,059 3,136
Uses: Insecticide
Spinosad (mixture of Factors A and D) (3983)
Spinosyn, Macrocyclic Lactone Not Listed 3,376 0.10 383,998 32,175
Uses: Insecticide
Dimethomorph (4003)
Morpholine Not Listed 3,114 0.21 229,125 15,175
Uses: Fungicide
Thiram (589)
Dithiocarbamate Yes 3,035 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Spinetoram (XDE-175-J) (5946)
Spinosyn Not Listed 2,758 0.05 649,977 53,500
Uses: Insecticide
Fluopicolide (5949)
Not Listed 2,127 0.12 326,460 17,206
Uses: Fungicide
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 2,001 0.08 497,402 25,944
Uses: Insecticide
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 1,820 1.45 3,364 1,257
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Potash soap (1596, 1409)
Soap Not Listed 1,460 1.46 1,665 1,003
Note! Data for Potash soap summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Insecticide, Adjuvant
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 1,448 0.51 57,839 2,818
Uses: Adjuvant
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 1,339 2.61 27,270 513.7
Uses: Fungicide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 1,038 0.18 8,762 5,748
Uses: Adjuvant
Gliocladium virens GL-21 (spores) (3854)
Microbial Not Listed 1,037 0.56 18,639 1,863
Uses: Fungicide
Myrothecium verrucaria, dried fermentation solids & solubles, Strain AARC-0255 (3966)
Microbial Not Listed 992.2 4.50 1,622 220.5
Uses: Insecticide, Nematicide
Acibenzolar-S-methyl (5338)
Unclassified Not Listed 988.5 0.02 675,447 42,637
Uses: Fungicide
Cypermethrin, zeta (3866)
Pyrethroid Yes 791.4 0.05 168,458 16,378
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus thuringiensis, Subsp. Aizawai, Strain ABTS-1857 (5879)
Microbial Not Listed 744.3 0.76 3,839 977.5
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 697.2 0.60 72,131 1,155
Uses: Insecticide
Cymoxanil (4002)
Unclassified Not Listed 667.5 0.15 28,628 4,558
Uses: Fungicide
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 624.5 0.22 45,148 2,828
Uses: Fungicide
Metolachlor, (S) (5133)
Chloroacetanilide Yes 611.8 0.64 8,606 949.7
Uses: Herbicide
Cyromazine (2286)
Triazine Yes 583.5 0.12 126,409 4,682
Uses: Insecticide, Insect Growth Regulator
Flonicamid (5886)
Unclassified Not Listed 526.6 0.09 100,847 6,143
Uses: Insecticide
Chlorantraniliprole (5964)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 517.9 0.07 147,345 7,113
Uses: Insecticide
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 473.3 0.14 61,467 3,302
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Famoxadone (5878)
Dicarboximide Not Listed 453.4 0.13 13,733 3,413
Uses: Fungicide
Diazinon (198)
Organophosphorus Yes 448.0 1.85 594.5 242.8
Uses: Insecticide
Copper oxide (ous) (175)
Inorganic-Copper Not Listed 430.3 0.86 7,340 501.5
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Kaolin (2629)
Inorganic Not Listed 427.5 42.8 48.0 10.0
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Spirotetramat (5955)
Keto-enol Not Listed 413.6 0.08 31,813 5,343
Uses: Insecticide
Flupyradifurone (6098)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 409.2 0.14 86,330 2,935
Uses: Insecticide
Frontalin + alpha-pinene mixture (3996)
Pheromone Not Listed 364.7 0.35 39,999 1,040
Uses: Pheromone
Bacillus pumilus strain QST 2808 (5770)
Microbial Not Listed 363.9 0.10 78,022 3,811
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Dimethyl silicone fluid emulsion (2028)
Silicone Not Listed 359.5 0.02 152,334 19,811
Uses: Adjuvant
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 347.4 1.02 17,507 341.0
Uses: Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Spinach in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
351,661 0.51 1,427,550 681,087 68,701
Monterey (27)
224,645 0.57 1,382,650 391,747 39,490
Imperial (13)
40,885 0.34 17,627 121,700 6,546
San Benito (35)
25,294 0.46 5,999 54,733 8,242
Ventura (56)
13,194 0.35 5,026 29,236 3,244
Stanislaus (50)
10,718 6.27 1,058 1,709 1,043
Santa Barbara (42)
8,372 0.36 7,976 23,045 3,029
Santa Clara (43)
6,816 0.38 1,128 18,066 2,293
Santa Cruz (44)
6,594 0.67 612.0 9,788 865
Riverside (33)
4,948 0.42 1,815 11,917 744
San Luis Obispo (40)
4,736 0.35 1,435 13,582 2,654
Kern (15)
4,363 0.93 1,949 4,672 371
Fresno (10)
1,024 2.88 11.0 355.0 30
Tulare (54)
49.9 0.12 216.0 432.0 12
San Joaquin (39)
18.2 0.54 42.0 33.7 55
San Diego (37)
5.31 0.07 2.00 71.2 66
Humboldt (12)
0.06 0.09 8.00 0.63 3
Sonoma (49)
0.05 - 0.25 - 14
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.