PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Artichokes in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Artichokes, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Artichokes, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Artichokes by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Artichokes

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Artichokes
Vegetables and Melons
AG
13018
13018

Acres planted estimated by PUR data for artichokes appear to be fairly accurate. High acreage in 1991 is probably incorrect due to errors in the original data. PUR estimates of 1996 acres planted may also be higher than actual values.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Artichokes in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 71,122 0.22 148,863 324,330
Uses:
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 13,167 6.45 8,728 2,043
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 5,366 0.31 79,978 17,461
Uses: Adjuvant
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 3,853 0.39 79,921 9,958
Uses: Adjuvant
Permethrin (2008)
Pyrethroid Yes 3,045 0.28 81,649 10,966
Uses: Insecticide
Emulsifiable methylated vegetable oil (5224)
Not Listed 2,946 0.35 53,459 8,429
Uses: Insecticide, Adjuvant
Paraquat dichloride (1601)
Bipyridylium Yes 2,932 1.30 44,302 2,257
Uses: Herbicide
Diflubenzuron (1992)
Benzoylurea Not Listed 2,287 0.25 93,815 9,147
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 2,246 1.01 30,576 2,224
Uses: Herbicide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 2,008 0.45 75,492 4,484
Uses: Herbicide
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 1,934 1.79 888.5 1,082
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Poly (methylene para nonylphenoxy) - poly (oxypropylene) propanol (1788)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1,738 0.10 78,695 17,400
Uses: Adjuvant
Poly oxyethylated tallow amine (2807, 6097, 2233)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 1,482 0.08 78,695 18,078
Note! Data for Poly oxyethylated tallow amine summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Methoxyfenozide (5698)
Diacylhydrazine Not Listed 1,450 0.25 66,076 5,692
Uses: Insect Growth Regulator
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 1,400 1.13 8,796 1,243
Uses: Adjuvant
Burkholderia sp strain A396 cells and spent fermentation media (6064)
Microbial Not Listed 1,395 17.3 582.5 80.6
Uses: Fungicide
Diuron (231)
Urea Yes 1,235 1.00 24,034 1,234
Uses: Herbicide
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 1,226 3.40 4,703 360.2
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 1,106 0.27 12,534 4,142
Uses: Fungicide
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Aizawai, GC-91 protein (3843)
Microbial Not Listed 1,038 0.91 13,174 1,146
Uses: Insecticide
Polybutenes (1040)
Polymer Not Listed 995.8 0.06 78,695 17,620
Uses: Rodenticide
Bifenthrin (2300)
Pyrethroid Yes 952.9 0.10 80,516 9,606
Uses: Insecticide
Myclobutanil (2245)
Azole Yes 766.0 0.10 88,084 7,673
Uses: Fungicide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 764.0 0.47 36,458 1,622
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Alkyl (C8,C10) polyglycoside (4015)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 756.9 0.38 36,529 1,986
Uses: Adjuvant
Ammonium nitrate (3052)
Inorganic Not Listed 750.6 0.49 35,907 1,530
Uses: Rodenticide, Microbiocide
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 746.8 0.07 61,771 10,982
Uses: Adjuvant
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 712.9 0.21 21,134 3,378
Uses: Fungicide
Trifloxystrobin (5321)
Strobin Not Listed 698.9 0.12 81,565 5,992
Uses: Fungicide
Metaldehyde (379)
Aldehyde Not Listed 676.4 0.78 11,117 871.7
Uses: Molluscicide
Chlorantraniliprole (5964)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 621.2 0.08 93,316 7,815
Uses: Insecticide
Esfenvalerate (2321)
Pyrethroid Not Listed 603.9 0.05 106,221 12,546
Uses: Insecticide
Spinetoram (XDE-175-J) (5946)
Spinosyn Not Listed 587.8 0.06 96,603 9,753
Uses: Insecticide
Silicone-polyether copolymer (3520, 3841)
Polyalkyloxy Compound, Polymer, Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 544.5 0.10 16,996 5,569
Note! Data for Silicone-polyether copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 533.8 0.09 24,957 5,754
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Propyzamide (694)
Amide Yes 525.2 1.22 6,446 429.1
Uses: Herbicide
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 490.4 0.05 64,299 9,622
Uses: Adjuvant
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 483.5 0.14 44,375 3,551
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, strain SA-11 (3862)
Microbial Not Listed 466.6 0.76 4,309 616.3
Uses: Insecticide
Boscalid (5790)
Anilide Not Listed 447.8 0.36 33,403 1,250
Uses: Fungicide
Flubendiamide (5948)
Anthranilic diamide Not Listed 433.8 0.07 71,493 5,849
Uses: Insecticide
Polyether modified polysiloxane (5223)
Silicone Not Listed 331.1 0.03 65,265 9,825
Uses: Adjuvant
Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene block copolymer (2816, 1698)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 326.6 0.25 11,254 1,316
Note! Data for Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene block copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Propionic acid (505)
Carboxylic acid or salt Not Listed 310.9 0.17 6,638 1,850
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 307.1 0.21 29,744 1,436
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Frontalin + alpha-pinene mixture (3996)
Pheromone Not Listed 306.4 0.29 26,957 1,052
Uses: Pheromone
Cypermethrin, zeta (3866)
Pyrethroid Yes 292.5 0.05 73,632 5,932
Uses: Insecticide
Oleic acid (1156)
Fatty acid Not Listed 275.3 0.09 34,513 2,973
Uses: Adjuvant
Flumioxazin (5802)
Unclassified Not Listed 238.1 0.11 34,704 2,191
Uses: Herbicide
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 234.2 0.18 33,616 1,295
Uses: Fungicide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Artichokes in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
71,122 0.22 148,863 324,330 12,451
Monterey (27)
55,022 0.20 143,288 271,659 10,298
Santa Barbara (42)
6,940 0.50 1,999 13,905 683
Ventura (56)
4,783 0.23 2,114 20,628 527
San Luis Obispo (40)
1,924 0.42 117.8 4,567 383
Riverside (33)
1,263 0.17 866.7 7,526 264
Imperial (13)
566.3 0.25 132.4 2,239 68
San Benito (35)
327.2 0.13 172.9 2,542 155
Santa Cruz (44)
273.0 0.28 90.5 961.8 40
San Mateo (41)
21.6 0.07 64.0 299.0 24
Orange (30)
0.92 1.85 1.00 0.50 2
San Bernardino (36)
0.16 0.11 15.0 1.50 3
Los Angeles (19)
0.13 0.09 1.00 1.50 3
Shasta (45)
0.0016 0.02 0.10 0.10 1
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.