PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Strawberries in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Strawberries, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Strawberries, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Strawberries by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Strawberries

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Strawberries
Fruits and Nuts
AG
01016
1016

PUR estimates of acres planted for strawberries may be higher than actual acreage due to double counting. For crops with a growing season that spans two calendar years, "acres planted" calculated from the PUR data may be higher than actual acreage bec

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Strawberries in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 11,345,900 2.67 104,184 4,253,510
Uses:
Chloropicrin (136)
Inorganic Yes 6,592,940 200.6 54,448 32,871
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
1,3-Dichloropropene (573)
Halogenated organic Yes 1,535,070 98.7 29,834 15,555
Uses: Fumigant, Nematicide
Methyl bromide (385)
Halogenated organic Yes 634,470 161.0 8,003 3,933
Uses: Fumigant, Insecticide, Herbicide, Nematicide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 621,520 3.51 58,015 176,954
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Captan (104)
Thiophthalimide Yes 515,065 2.56 48,432 200,810
Uses: Fungicide
Metam potassium (970)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 232,594 223.3 2,516 1,042
Uses: Fumigant, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide, Nematicide
Metam-sodium (616)
Dithiocarbamate-MITC Yes 185,213 203.1 1,253 912.1
Uses: Fumigant, Herbicide, Fungicide, Microbiocide, Algaecide
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 59,843 2.87 14,919 20,840
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 51,526 1.97 21,979 26,177
Uses: Insecticide
Dimethyl poly siloxane (1861)
Silicone Not Listed 49,316 0.21 30,088 239,084
Uses: Adjuvant, Insecticide
Bacillus subtilis var. amyloliquefaciens strain D747 (6082)
Microbial Not Listed 34,623 4.81 5,146 7,200
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Fenhexamid (4032)
Anilide Not Listed 34,368 0.69 37,247 50,162
Uses: Fungicide
Lecithin (3264)
Botanical Not Listed 33,920 0.32 23,736 104,773
Uses: Fungicide
p-nonylphenyl polyoxyethylene (4-14 moles)dihydrogen phosphate ester (5016)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 27,897 0.34 25,236 82,282
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Bacillus thuringiensis, Subsp. Aizawai, Strain ABTS-1857 (5879)
Microbial Not Listed 25,934 0.76 16,865 34,062
Uses: Insecticide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 25,887 0.45 17,131 57,436
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Cyprodinil (4000)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 25,322 0.32 48,618 78,611
Uses: Fungicide
Undecyl polyoxyethylene (5 moles ethylene oxide) (3929)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 23,828 0.25 20,693 93,803
Uses: Adjuvant
Thiram (589)
Dithiocarbamate Yes 22,308 2.23 10,353 9,986
Uses: Fungicide
Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene block copolymer (2816, 1698)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 22,024 0.31 12,310 71,540
Note! Data for Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene block copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Ammonium propionate (5015)
Carboxylic acid or salt Not Listed 19,122 0.48 17,010 40,110
Uses: Preservative, Microbiocide
Frontalin + alpha-pinene mixture (3996)
Pheromone Not Listed 18,541 0.30 22,290 60,964
Uses: Pheromone
Hydrogen peroxide (1794)
Peroxide Not Listed 17,575 2.87 4,423 6,121
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
Boscalid (5790)
Anilide Not Listed 16,954 0.35 41,069 48,243
Uses: Fungicide
Fludioxonil (5027)
Pyrrole Not Listed 16,881 0.21 48,553 78,611
Uses: Fungicide
Fatty Acids, C16-C18 and C18-unsaturated, methyl esters (5881)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 16,075 0.46 15,370 35,284
Uses: Adjuvant
Bifenazate (5657)
Unclassified Not Listed 15,896 0.49 36,038 32,324
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus thuringiensis (berliner), subsp. Kurstaki, strain SA-11 (3862)
Microbial Not Listed 15,647 0.89 11,818 17,668
Uses: Insecticide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 14,935 0.35 16,072 42,820
Uses: Adjuvant
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 14,877 2.37 5,079 6,269
Uses: Fungicide
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 14,497 0.18 50,122 82,113
Uses: Fungicide
Trimethyl nonanol-ethylene oxide complex (1196)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 14,280 0.20 13,386 69,705
Uses: Adjuvant
Bacillus thuringiensis, subsp. Kurstaki, strain ABTS-351, fermentation solids and solubles (5829)
Microbial Not Listed 14,235 0.79 8,953 17,999
Uses: Insecticide
Burkholderia sp strain A396 cells and spent fermentation media (6064)
Microbial Not Listed 13,800 9.60 2,602 1,438
Uses: Fungicide
Pendimethalin (1929)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 13,161 1.24 9,769 10,590
Uses: Herbicide
Naled (418)
Organophosphorus Yes 12,650 0.99 10,142 12,796
Uses: Insecticide
Silicone-polyether copolymer (3520, 3841)
Polyalkyloxy Compound, Polymer, Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 12,196 0.13 20,100 91,435
Note! Data for Silicone-polyether copolymer summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant
Propionic acid (505)
Carboxylic acid or salt Not Listed 11,783 0.16 15,732 73,002
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide, Preservative
Citric acid (142)
Botanical Not Listed 9,791 0.21 20,882 45,995
Uses: pH Adjustment, Fungicide, Microbiocide
Pyrimethanil (5864)
Pyrimidine Not Listed 9,622 0.35 26,863 27,432
Uses: Fungicide
Penthiopyrad (6020)
Amide, Pyrazole Not Listed 9,550 0.29 29,383 32,394
Uses: Fungicide
Alpha-(p-dodecylphenyl)-omega-hydroxypoly (oxyethylene), (ethylene (1879)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 8,640 0.16 21,098 55,601
Uses: Adjuvant
Triflumizole (2260)
Azole Not Listed 8,053 0.24 25,902 33,808
Uses: Fungicide
Ammonium sulfate (1363)
Inorganic Not Listed 7,966 0.17 18,872 45,868
Uses: Herbicide, pH Adjustment
Thiophanate-methyl (1696)
Benzimidazole precursor Yes 7,865 0.70 15,422 11,316
Uses: Fungicide
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 7,455 0.12 23,166 63,614
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Acequinocyl (5801)
Unclassified Not Listed 6,599 0.39 21,533 16,833
Uses: Insecticide
Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl),alpha-isodecyl-omega-hydroxy-phosphate (4008, 5006)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 6,583 0.29 6,646 22,344
Note! Data for Poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl),alpha-isodecyl-omega-hydroxy-phosphate summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Soap or Surfactant
Fenpropathrin (2234)
Pyrethroid Yes 5,809 0.28 20,182 20,391
Uses: Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Strawberries in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
11,345,900 2.67 104,184 4,253,510 81,632
Monterey (27)
3,601,390 3.84 57,183 938,034 30,802
Santa Barbara (42)
2,746,520 2.44 18,044 1,123,880 18,468
Ventura (56)
2,720,740 1.94 13,500 1,404,010 16,974
San Luis Obispo (40)
1,177,990 2.61 6,254 450,520 5,463
Santa Cruz (44)
789,672 3.56 4,517 221,225 7,164
Orange (30)
123,558 42.1 364.0 2,936 125
Siskiyou (47)
111,171 1.18 3,169 90,646 1,486
Riverside (33)
30,683 1.93 349.5 15,876 300
Lassen (18)
19,063 13.1 210.5 1,455 41
San Diego (37)
9,465 4.53 192.5 2,091 262
Sutter (51)
5,403 20.7 38.2 260.6 26
Fresno (10)
2,835 27.0 25.6 105.2 31
Merced (24)
2,399 53.7 22.1 44.7 12
Solano (48)
1,514 68.5 8.50 22.1 11
San Benito (35)
1,241 1.87 42.6 662.7 148
Kern (15)
847.8 143.7 3.00 5.90 1
San Bernardino (36)
780.8 0.87 74.0 899.5 125
Stanislaus (50)
286.2 0.68 63.5 419.0 35
Santa Clara (43)
106.2 1.18 12.0 90.0 43
Sacramento (34)
66.7 1.01 40.8 66.2 25
Sonoma (49)
51.8 1.18 19.0 44.0 11
Napa (28)
18.0 1.80 3.50 10.0 3
Mendocino (23)
17.6 0.68 10.0 26.0 5
Calaveras (05)
16.6 3.31 5.00 5.00 1
San Joaquin (39)
15.9 0.30 23.0 53.0 11
Contra Costa (07)
10.6 0.19 20.0 56.0 23
Los Angeles (19)
10.0 1.06 2.00 9.50 5
Lake (17)
6.30 0.57 5.00 11.0 4
Yolo (57)
5.87 0.49 5.00 12.0 3
Alameda (01)
5.52 1.84 2.00 3.00 2
Placer (31)
3.62 0.50 9.25 7.25 6
Tulare (54)
1.94 0.27 2.40 7.20 6
Yuba (58)
1.88 0.38 5.00 5.00 2
Shasta (45)
1.43 0.72 2.00 2.00 1
Amador (03)
0.65 0.43 1.50 1.50 1
Butte (04)
0.37 0.73 3.00 0.50 1
Madera (20)
0.27 0.03 3.00 9.00 2
Humboldt (12)
0.21 0.21 0.60 0.99 3
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.