PAN Pesticides Database - California Pesticide Use

Pesticide Use on Cucumbers in 2016

Note: See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data.

Identifying information about Cucumbers, including commodity group and code number.
Top 50 pesticides used on Cucumbers, with information on the identity, use type and toxicity of each pesticide, as well as gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.
Pesticide use on Cucumbers by county for all counties in California, with information on gross pounds used, application rate, acres planted, and number of applications.

Crop or Site information for Cucumbers

Basic Identification Information About This Crop or Site
Name
CDFA Commodity Group
Use Category
EPA Site Code
DPR Site Code
Cucumbers
Vegetables and Melons
AG
10010
10010

PUR planted acreage estimated for this crop is significantly higher than CDFA estimates. It is not clear why.

 

Top 50 Pesticides Used on Cucumbers in California in 2016


Totals for 2003 and later may be under-reported due to omission of adjuvants in DPR's data since that time.
Chemical Name
(CA Chem Code)
Chemical Class PAN Bad Actor Gross
Pounds
Application Rate
Pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated
All Chemicals (NA, 00)
Not Listed 39,618 0.47 10,887 77,172
Uses:
Mancozeb (211)
Dithiocarbamate-ETU, Inorganic-Zinc Yes 8,406 1.95 2,742 4,317
Uses: Fungicide
Chlorothalonil (677)
Substituted Benzene Yes 6,686 1.59 3,296 4,196
Uses: Fungicide
Thiamethoxam (5598)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 2,658 0.06 71.0 81.3
Uses: Insecticide
Sulfur (560)
Inorganic Not Listed 1,638 3.48 314.5 470.7
Uses: Fungicide, Insecticide
Potash soap (1596, 1409)
Soap Not Listed 1,555 7.04 64.0 210.8
Note! Data for Potash soap summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Insecticide, Adjuvant
Ethalfluralin (2166)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 1,530 1.71 920.8 897.3
Uses: Herbicide
Propamocarb hydrochloride (4022)
Other Carbamate Not Listed 1,394 0.60 2,215 2,328
Uses: Fungicide
Glyphosate, potassium salt (5820)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 1,358 1.43 951.6 951.6
Uses: Herbicide
Glyphosate, isopropylamine salt (1855)
Phosphonoglycine Yes 1,191 1.47 808.8 812.9
Uses: Herbicide
Bensulide (70)
Organophosphorus Yes 1,136 6.15 1,086 184.7
Uses: Herbicide
Potassium bicarbonate (5037)
Inorganic Not Listed 951.6 2.27 178.0 414.7
Uses: Fungicide
Mineral oil, refined (401, 3846, 3847, 2601, 2106, 2045, 2768)
Petroleum derivative-Saturated Not Listed 837.6 2.44 285.6 264.7
Note! Data for Mineral oil, refined summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Herbicide, Plant Growth Regulator, Insecticide, Adjuvant, Solvent
Cyazofamid (5930)
Azole Not Listed 686.3 0.48 2,480 1,436
Uses: Fungicide
Methomyl (383)
N-Methyl Carbamate Yes 639.7 0.82 541.1 784.0
Uses: Insecticide, Breakdown product
Bifenazate (5657)
Unclassified Not Listed 526.2 0.50 1,165 1,058
Uses: Insecticide
Malathion (367)
Organophosphorus Yes 469.7 1.75 247.7 258.7
Uses: Insecticide
Ametoctradin (6025)
Triazolopyrimidine Not Listed 423.1 0.28 1,338 1,505
Uses: Fungicide
Methyl soyate (3519)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 391.7 0.49 667.0 800.6
Uses: Adjuvant
Neem oil (3979, 6065)
Botanical Not Listed 388.2 5.03 45.5 77.2
Note! Data for Neem oil summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Insecticide
Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol (1743, 1397, 3999, 5755)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 378.4 0.14 2,137 2,749
Note! Data for Nonyl phenoxy poly (ethylene oxy) ethanol summarizes data from 2 or more chem codes and may not agree with DPR summaries which total data for each chem code.
Uses: Adjuvant, Plant Growth Regulator, Soap or Surfactant
Bifenthrin (2300)
Pyrethroid Yes 354.6 0.10 2,675 3,582
Uses: Insecticide
Bacillus subtilis var. amyloliquefaciens strain D747 (6082)
Microbial Not Listed 345.8 5.28 105.0 65.5
Uses: Fungicide, Plant Growth Regulator
Thiram (589)
Dithiocarbamate Yes 328.7 - - -
Uses: Fungicide
Dimethomorph (4003)
Morpholine Not Listed 317.7 0.21 1,338 1,505
Uses: Fungicide
Acetamiprid (5762)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 295.3 0.10 2,601 3,040
Uses: Insecticide
Beauveria bassiana strain GHA (3993)
Microbial Not Listed 276.5 0.27 158.6 1,034
Uses: Insecticide
Chenopodium ambrosioides var. ambrosioides (5973)
Microbial Not Listed 239.9 2.80 30.0 85.7
Uses:
Trifluralin (597)
2,6-Dinitroaniline Not Listed 238.0 0.72 440.0 330.6
Uses: Herbicide
Famoxadone (5878)
Dicarboximide Not Listed 206.2 0.13 1,440 1,592
Uses: Fungicide
Cymoxanil (4002)
Unclassified Not Listed 206.2 0.13 1,440 1,592
Uses: Fungicide
Oxyfluorfen (1973)
Diphenyl ether Yes 202.1 0.24 915.6 850.0
Uses: Herbicide
Paecilomyces fumosoroseus Apopka strain 97 (3964)
Microbial Not Listed 183.6 0.24 137.0 778.0
Uses: Insecticide
Flupyradifurone (6098)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 168.9 0.18 835.5 940.2
Uses: Insecticide
Alcohol ethoxylate (C9-C11, 6 EO) (2700)
Polyalkyloxy Compound Not Listed 168.6 0.05 2,211 3,630
Uses: Adjuvant
Hydrogen peroxide (1794)
Peroxide Not Listed 140.6 0.43 311.9 324.0
Uses: Microbiocide, Fungicide, Herbicide, Rodenticide
Ethephon (1626)
Organophosphorus Yes 140.5 0.09 1,637 1,572
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Polyalkyleneoxide modified polydimethyl-siloxane (5203)
Silicone Not Listed 136.8 0.05 1,327 2,571
Uses: Adjuvant
Oleic acid, methyl ester (2266)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 119.6 0.28 397.0 420.6
Uses: Adjuvant
Clethodim (3566)
Cyclohexenone derivative Not Listed 95.1 0.13 641.4 730.6
Uses: Herbicide
Zoxamide (5769)
Not Listed 93.5 0.17 564.3 563.5
Uses: Fungicide
Fluopicolide (5949)
Not Listed 89.1 0.12 477.8 752.4
Uses: Fungicide
Azoxystrobin (4037)
Strobin Not Listed 88.1 0.16 394.2 512.7
Uses: Fungicide
Oleic acid, ethyl ester (3933)
Fatty acid ester Not Listed 87.8 0.18 246.5 478.6
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator, Adjuvant
Pyraclostrobin (5759)
Strobin Not Listed 83.0 0.12 645.4 666.6
Uses: Fungicide
Mono- and di- potassium salts of phosphorous acid (5766)
Inorganic Not Listed 80.7 4.03 128.0 20.0
Uses: Fungicide, Microbiocide
Amino ethoxy vinyl glycine hydrochloride (3907)
Not Listed 71.0 0.12 1,572 607.9
Uses: Plant Growth Regulator
Imidacloprid (3849)
Neonicotinoid Not Listed 66.4 0.19 515.3 334.4
Uses: Insecticide
Triflumizole (2260)
Azole Not Listed 65.4 0.24 317.0 275.9
Uses: Fungicide
Flonicamid (5886)
Unclassified Not Listed 62.8 0.09 471.6 720.3
Uses: Insecticide

Regional Use for All Chemicals on Cucumbers in 2016

Region
(County Code)
Gross
Pounds
Application
Rate
pounds per acre treated
Acres Planted
where all or part
has been sprayed
Acres Treated Application
Count
California (00)
39,618 0.47 10,887 77,172 4,167
Colusa (06)
11,456 0.48 1,779 24,097 788
Yolo (57)
7,178 0.40 2,515 17,763 525
Ventura (56)
6,767 0.79 206.2 5,296 525
San Joaquin (39)
3,885 0.55 1,739 7,082 141
Glenn (11)
3,092 0.74 454.7 4,178 138
Santa Barbara (42)
1,453 0.35 174.0 4,195 517
Sutter (51)
1,270 0.20 484.2 6,334 283
Solano (48)
992.0 0.47 378.3 2,119 129
San Diego (37)
676.1 1.21 7.00 557.6 286
Santa Cruz (44)
574.9 2.12 122.0 175.4 61
Butte (04)
566.5 0.24 412.0 2,318 49
Monterey (27)
510.2 0.44 1,944 349.3 307
Imperial (13)
450.4 6.66 35.0 58.9 42
Santa Clara (43)
276.4 0.17 219.0 1,608 68
Kern (15)
134.5 1.08 - 8.00 32
Sacramento (34)
124.8 0.46 118.0 269.0 22
Fresno (10)
112.3 0.23 47.3 490.7 64
San Benito (35)
48.9 0.68 166.0 71.6 26
San Luis Obispo (40)
21.0 0.14 38.5 148.8 86
Merced (24)
11.2 0.39 14.0 29.0 7
San Bernardino (36)
6.49 1.62 4.00 4.00 4
Orange (30)
6.18 1.90 5.75 3.26 23
Sonoma (49)
2.77 0.33 0.50 8.30 20
Humboldt (12)
1.99 1.86 8.00 1.07 12
Tulare (54)
0.29 0.05 16.0 6.00 3
Stanislaus (50)
0.04 - - - 7
Shasta (45)
0.02 0.08 0.11 0.22 2
Working with the Information on this Page

* Complete 2001 data for Kern county was never submitted by the Kern County Agricultural Commissioners office. This missing data includes approximately 32,000 records totaling roughly 10 million pounds. An omission of this scale will significantly impact statewide trends.

** The 2005 data for Ventura county is incomplete because not all of the data was available at the time of DPR's release. Missing data includes mostly applications made in November and December. An estimate based on reported use in Ventura County during November and December from 2002 to 2004 suggests that the 2005 total pounds is underreported by approximately 500,000 pounds. The active ingredients most affected are captan and petroleum oil. See the DPR's 2005 PUR report for additional details.

NOTE! See methodology and documentation for California Pesticide Use Reporting for important qualifications on these numbers.

Click on the commodities name links for special caveats on the data for each commodity. For more detailed use information, including data for other years, search our California Pesticide Use database. Original source for all pesticide use data is the California Pesticide Use Report (PUR) dataset, collected and managed by the California Department of Pesticide Regulation. Significant processing of the original dataset is required to generate the summary data presented here; see documentation for a full discussion of data handling.

NOTE! Comments on the accuracy of Acres Planted reflect PAN's analysis of acreage data from the California Agricultural Statistics Service (CASS) and Department of Pesticide Regulation Pesticide Use Reporting data. The method used to assess acreage accuracy is described in the documentation. Accuracy was evaluated for aggregate, statewide California acreage, but not for smaller regions (e.g., counties). See CASS acreage estimates for additional information.

Click on underlined terms for definitions or go to the Pesticide Tutorial overview page.

Any underlined term with a book icon has additional information.

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Definitions
  • Acres Planted is the planted acreage of the crop in the selected region where the selected chemical was applied. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. To obtain the total planted acreage for a crop or county, see the crop and county pages available from the Pesticide Use Search Page. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Acres Treated is the acreage of the crop actually treated with the pesticide. Gross Pounds applied divided by Acres Treated is the application rate of the pesticide. The difference between Acres Planted and Acres Treated is best explained through an example:If a farmer has a 100-acre field and sprays 50 acres, then the Acres Planted will be 100 and the Acres Treated will be 50. If a farmer sprays 50 of their 100 acres three times, then the Acres Planted will remain at 100 acres, but now the value of Acres Treated will be 150. This figure may not be the total acreage of the selected crop. See documentation for further distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Application Count indicates the number of times this chemical was applied.
  • Application Rate indicates the total pounds applied to acreage divided by the total treated acres. Only pounds applied to acreage are used to calculate the application rate. This excludes pesticides used to fumigate stored commodities or other non-cropland applications. See documentation for important distinctions between acres treated and acres planted.
  • Chemical Class indicates the chemical classification of this chemical.
  • Chemical Code is the California Department of Pesticide Regulation code number assigned as an identifier for each chemical.
  • Chemical Uses indicates the major uses for this chemical, with the most common use listed first.
  • County Code is a code number that various California State agencies use to identify each California county. There are 58 total counties.
  • Field Count is the number of fields where this chemical was applied.
  • Gross Pounds indicates the total pounds used, including both pounds used on acreage and pounds used in other applications such as commodity fumigation.
  • PAN Bad Actor indicates whether this chemical belongs to the group of most toxic pesticides or not. See link for a full definition of this term.